He participated in the design of the first computer, the famous game theory, and the production of an atomic bomb. He is the only scientist who was considered to be smarter than Einstein.
John Ludwig von Neumann was born in the family of a wealthy Hungarian banker. He had been showing signs of genius since childhood. It is said that at the age of six he was able to joke with his father in ancient Greek and could divide by eight-digit numbers. From twelve years, he was privately taught by the best professor of mathematics at Budapest University. At the age of seventeen he published his first scientific work. The following year he enrolled at the Budapest University. He enrolled in a prospective field of chemical engineering. Studying was so easy for him to write his doctoral work in mathematics in his spare time. At the age of twenty-two, he goes to Berlin to begin his quantum theory and neutron network theory. He was already a respected scientist, but he became famous worldwide in 1928 as a co-founder of the mathematical theory of games, which is used to date in both economics and politics. In 1929-as a world-renowned scientist-he became Albert Einstein a founding member of the new Science Institute in Princeton.
When World War II began, von Neumann's attention was focused on the government and army agents. He became one of the main characters of the so-called Manhattan project, which was to develop an atomic bomb before the Germans. The team has tried to solve the problem: what amount of explosive material that grappulates with graft-size plutonium will be needed to make the most effective explosion. It was a very difficult mathematical problem on which the best scientists of the Manhattan project had failed. Von Neumann solved it almost immediately. He created a large number of enemies among co-workers, many of whom were Nobel laureates. Even the slightest doubt disappeared about his genius disappeared on July 16, 1945, when a plutonium bomb was successfully tested in the desert of New Mexico. His plutonium bomb was thrown at Nagasaki and had twice as much destructive power as the bomb that was thrown at Hiroshima. Von Neumann then worked on another type of devastating weapon - hydrogen bombs with a destructive force thousands of times larger than the bombs in Japan. To solve this problem, he took a computer in 1950, which he was involved with. The problem was resolved, two years later, a small island in the Pacific Ocean was erased from the surface of the earth at the first test of this devastating weapon. The most dangerous stage of the Cold War has begun. Von Neumann became advisor to the US government. Von Neumann recommended that the bombs be overthrown by Russia, but President Truman, in 1950, distanced himself from this strategy. Von Neumann did not catch up with the result of the Cold War. He died in 1957 for cancer. He was less than forty-five years old.
In 1949 von Neumann's mathematical rules for the construction of robots, which will be perfected and reproduced, are created by reference to it. It is only today that scientists use these rules to construct such robots. NASA wants Neumann robots to use when exploring the Galaxy.
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