Only two supercomputers from 500 of the world's most powerful systems did not use Linux back in 2016. The new release of the TOP500 list has shown that Linux in this industry has overwhelmed all competitors.
The list of the top 500 supercomputers in the world shows that the giants are still in the industry in the US and China. Each of the countries has 171 representatives, and together they have two thirds of all seats. The fact that the ranking is a lot of change, it shows the fact that a year ago, the United States had a list of 200 computers and China only 108.
Most powerful leadership is now firmly held by China, with two top executives: Sunway TaihuLight with 93 PFLOPS and Tianhe-2 with 34 PFLOPS. But if we add the power of all machines together, the positions of the two superpowers are balanced: the US has 33.9% power and China 33.3%. Other major countries with supercomputing capacity are: Germany with 31 entries, Japan with 27, France with 20 and Britain with 13.
Systems with a power greater than 1 PFLOPS occupy the first 117 bars. It was only 81 in 2015. To get the supercomputer to the ranking, he would have to cross the 349.3 TFLOPS. In 2015 it was 206.3 TFLOPS. In terms of efficiency, the computer is equipped with the new NVIDIA P100 chips, which delivers power of 9.46 GFLOPS per watt.
Intel continues to be the largest supplier of processors, whose chips are powered by 462 supercomputers. Behind it is IBM with Power Chips, which can be found in 22 systems. AMD is still at retreat and we can only find it on 7 supercomputers, while in 2015 it was on 13.
The individual nodes of the supercomputers are most often connected to the Gigabit ethernet, which is found on 206 partitions. In the second place, InfiniBand technology has 187 slots, and the decimal data is transmitted in 178 cases. The rise of Intel Omni-Path, which was only 8 computers 2016, was 28 in 2016.
The largest suppliers are Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) with 140 computers, but including 28 machines from SGI. The second place is Lenovo with 92 systems. This is followed by Cray with 56 - but he dominates the ranking as he holds 21.3%. In fifth place is IBM with 33 supercomputers.
Almost all of these supercomputers run Linux, specifically in 498 out of 500 systems. The only two remaining machines are Chinese and are 386th and 387th. They run on IBM AIX and as the chart changes, they are gradually falling down. It is likely, therefore, that in one of the next releases, Linux will have a 100% share - perhaps this will happen in new chart in 2017.
The ranking first appeared in 1993 and at that time Linux was only at the very beginning of its journey. Linux first appeared in the TOP500 ranking in 1998, at the time he was clearly ruling on Unix supercomputers. In 2003, you would find it at 96% of installations. But in virtually two years, it has replaced Linux, which has dominated and today we find it on the vast majority of supercomputers in the world. Since 2010, more than 90% of them have been driven continuously on Linux.
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